Developing and evaluating the usability, acceptability and effectiveness of a smartphone app (URApp) to support the management of functional daytime urinary incontinence in young people

Lead Applicant:  Dr Carol Joinson, Associate Professor (Reader) in Developmental Psychology, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol

Funding: Medical Research Council: Confidence in Concept (CiC); Wellcome Trust

A team at the University of Bristol, led by Dr Carol Joinson, developed a smartphone app (URApp) to aid adherence to bladder training (standard urotherapy) in young people aged 10-20 years with daytime urinary incontinence.  The team collaborated with expert clinicians, health psychologists, health technology design experts and app developers to develop URApp. 

The app was created with extensive input from young people and clinicians and its key features include discreet reminders for drinking and toilet visits; a diary function to record drinking and toileting; charts to track progress towards drinking goals, and a reward system to aid motivation to adhere to regular drinking and toilet visits. 

The next step is to evaluate URApp in paediatric continence clinics to test whether it is effective in improving adherence to bladder training and, therefore, reducing urinary incontinence.